Two architects, two visions, and two memorials commemorate loss and foster healing.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 endure as indelible visions of chaos, destruction, and unimaginable loss. About 2 billion people—one-third of the world’s population—watched the day’s tragedies as they unfolded live on television and online. Within 24 hours, another 2 billion learned of the succession of catastrophes, which were to be the most widely witnessed events in human history.
Fifty years after the publication of Kevin Lynch’s seminal book, his vocabulary and human-centered approach are still shaping urban design and wayfinding.
In my junior year in college, I took a correspondence course in urban geography from Penn State. As I read the textbook in the basement boiler room of an old elementary school (my summer job cleaning and fixing boilers was actually ideal for taking a correspondence course), I discovered an author who would forever change my perceptions about urban planning and design.
At Liberty Science Center, visitors use technology and new media to interact with—and even change—museum content.
In a world where science and technology dramatically affect our everyday lives—think global warming, pandemic disease, and nanotechnology—science museums share the critical mission of educating visitors to make good choices about the way they live, work, and play.
In 2005, New Jersey’s Liberty Science Center looked in the mirror and faced the fact that it wasn’t up to the task.
Designed as an exhibition space to market one of New Jersey's tallest buildings, the Newport Tower Marketing Center's purpose was to help potential tenants visualize what they could achieve within the space.
Eat and Be Eaten began as an exhibition when Liberty Science Center needed to keep its live animal collection while its main building was closed for expansion. It would be on display for two years in temporary space and then move back to the main building upon completion of the renovation. It was designed as a modular system of durable hexagonal structures that could easily be reconfigured and expanded.
Just west of the tip of lower Manhattan and at the confluence of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean, Liberty State Park played many roles in the events of September 11 and its aftermath. During the attacks, Jersey City residents and office workers gathered on the shore, witnessing the burning and collapse of the towers. Soon after, dozens of private, commercial, and Coast Guard boats shuttled evacuees from lower Manhattan to the docks at the park in the largest boatlift ever undertaken.